The Largest lake in Western Siberia – Vats
The Chany Lake. which is located in the Novosibirsk region and is the largest lake in Western Siberia, once again nearly dried up and lost fish. It was visited by correspondents of the NHS.NEWS Vladimir Itkin and Tatiana Krivenko. Offer readers IA “Amitel” to find material counterparts.
A year ago due to alcohol intoxication local fishermen in Siberia was rocked by the sensation: in the Chany lake lives a monster. Another sensation brewing for 400 years: the Vats dry. At the end of the XVIII century the lake area reached 12 thousand square km, and now a little over 2 thousand sq. km. of Guilt of the person is not here, the lake is not fed by underground springs, and its depth, the average component is slightly less than 2 meters, is governed solely by precipitation, which in the last century was here a lot less. The water level did not fall, in the 1970s a substantial part of the lake (700 sq km) separated by a dam, and for 40 years the cordoned area, called Udinsky Plyos. turned into a grassy wasteland.
When we look at the map, Vats seem to be a magical place. Its coast is indented by peninsulas long — manes, which appeared at the end of the ice age by winds. Hearing pleasing names: Monkey island, Chinaia, Gladen …
The reality is striking conciseness. The boundless blue waters and the reeds, the infinite blue sky — so look Vats, if you look at them from the dam that separates the lake from Udenskogo Plyos.
Himself Udinski ples, forty years ago, the former part of the lake, represents a barren wasteland of an area of about 35 by 35 miles, with cracks on salty soil and poor vegetation.
A bouquet of the most prevalent plants: reeds, panicle of miscanthus and soup — strange plants, similar to a bunch of solid Burgundy earthworms and growing on the salt marshes.
Vats in the West Bank desert in five small villages lives of 100-200 people, mostly fishermen. Before Udinski ples dried up, villages had twice. Left not only water, but also fish, water scarcity leads to massive fish kill.
In warmed shallow Vats teeming with a variety of animals, which serves as food for thousands of ducks. Despite the abundance of hunters, birds are not particularly fearful. When the correspondent NGS.The NEWS tried to scare them, the ducks remained unfazed.
Chany, fishermen are richer than other villagers, for a day of good fishing, they can earn 1-2 thousand rubles. To compete with them Dalmatian pelicans, a large flock which, according to fishermen, a day can eat half a ton of fish. Voracity differ and Martini — large birds similar to large gulls.
Businessman Vladimir Romanov — the farmers, fisherman and owner of a small bread factory believes that the construction of the dam, on which the region has allocated 40 million rubles will not solve completely the problem of shallowing of the Containers.
40 million built only one kilometer, but there are still segments with a total length of 12 kilometers, through which water from the Vats may overflow in Udinskiy Plyos and dry.
However, according to the paleoclimatologist Vladimir Zykin. it is not excluded that within the next century, the level of water in Tanks will increase and Udinski Plyos again to fill with water — no wonder the Vats are called “intermittent lake”.
For the last 2 thousand years it was shoaling and filled repeatedly. The most profound (with an average depth of just over 3 meters) it was in I–II, VI–VIII, X–XII and XV–XVI centuries, in the rest of the century the average depth of the lake was less than 2 meters.
Now the dam serves two important functions. First, it is possible to drive straight from the Vats in Kupino. Second, it is actively used by hunters and anglers from Novosibirsk, Omsk, Kemerovo, Barnaul .
Investing in the dam, local businessmen hope to develop in Vats of hatcheries, where the fish will be grown, the tourists were able to catch for a fee. An example of a sustainable model of tourism business. In the West of the Novosibirsk region — the Bitter lake in Kupinsky area, around which he constructed over one hundred popular in the season wooden houses for tourists. Vats on such a basis I want to do for the fishermen.
“Not much I believe in this business. — the Director of travel Agency “Brethren Voices” Valery Dialect . — Fishermen are fishing them for a fee does not make. Yes and the fish caught in Vats. Earlier in villages with huge barrels of fish were, now they are gone.”
However, the businessman Vladimir Romanov has put three carriages for tourists near the village of Novoyablonovka, planning to take them for 1000 rubles per day.
Leaving the trailer, admiring the modest nature. However, if you’re not a hunter, not a fisherman, not a hermit and artist-primitivist, more than a few days, there’s nothing to do.
In Novoyablonovka. located on the Cape the Ship, lives of 150 people.
The inhabitants of the villages willingly discuss the Loch ness monster: “It’s just a mold in the evening on the lake was swimming, the loons pulled her. When she moves, it is really similar to the monster” .
Villagers stand at the edge, lazily looking at a Prairie fire (such raging here often) and sad, as now the little fish.
“All fish spawn mainly in Udenskom ples. says 60-year-old Michael novomlinets. But it is not clear at all where it is, Holy smoke. Chan began to dry up, then pedyash fell pike. Pike were that people drowned in boats.
And where is everything dead on Udenskom ples, where the Islands were, we lived on them. But now in the tub was deeper, used to half a meter depth, but now already one and a half” .
The evening is coming. Near gently sloping clean beach (unlike the Ob reservoir, there is almost no waste) floats a flock of white swans.
In the opposite side of the blush salt marshes, reminiscent of dried-up Aral sea. The locals manage to grow vegetables and cereals.
Here all around was still. Life here flows not just slowly — she stopped.
Vats — inland salted lake in Baraba lowland in the territory of the Novosibirsk region. Average depth — 2 m, maximum — 7 m. the power of the lake is mostly snow, the rivers Kargat and Chulym river (flows into Small Vats). In 1972 the lake was blocked by a dam to save a major part from the shallowing, which continues from the end of XVI century.