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How Much freshwater is in lake Baikal

Baikal and freshwater

Unique lake.

Where is the largest freshwater supply in the world? Most are familiar with the geography and ecology of the people will answer without hesitation — the largest source of fresh water in the world is lake Baikal . located in Eastern Siberia.

How much fresh water in Baikal? In the lake Baikal fresh water is contained in very large quantities. The volume of fresh water of lake Baikal is so large, accounting for about twenty percent from the total of all fresh water reserves in the world (up to twenty km3). If to take separately only the Russian reserves of fresh water, lake Baikal is up to 90 percent of their number.

The origin of lake Baikal.

Baikal is not only the deepest lake on the planet (the maximum depth is more than 1,600 meters ), but also the oldest. Estimated age of lake Baikal is estimated at more than twenty million years.

It is considered that lake Baikal was formed in the Wake of a major tectonic fault in the process of continental movements. This theory is confirmed by the fact that volcanic activity in the lake continues to this day — occasionally there are earthquakes in the vicinity of lake Baikal.

Why is the Baikal water is fresh?

The filling of lake Baikal water was due to surface water. Those rivers that flow into lake Baikal, very slightly saline, because their bed is composed of specific species that are difficult to dissolve. Another factor affecting the composition of the Baikal water — the exchange. It is almost equal to zero, that is, the number waxing and waning of the water about the same.

In Baikal there are more than two and a half thousand species of animals . of these, more than 50% are unique, living only in the territory of the lake.

Characteristics of Baikal water.

Furthermore, fresh water in the lake, she could almost be considered distilled. Their performance on the water is not only drinkable, but also considered the drinking water of the highest quality. Additional purification of the water in the lake is due to the unique phytoplankton.

Water in lake Baikal has very high transparency, in some periods, the water visibility can reach up to forty meters deep. The water color ranges from blue to greenish. The color and transparency of water masses due to the level of containing certain microorganisms.

The level of oxygen in Baikal water is extremely high, which creates unique habitats for certain species of fish and other living organisms. A high level of oxygen is ensured thanks to the relatively low average temperatures (+8-10°C) of water, which increases the solubility of oxygen in the pond.

Lake Baikal — a valuable source of fresh water and a unique ecologically clean area of rare species of living organisms. It is necessary to limit the Baikal from harmful influences of human activities and to preserve the lake as an integral part of nature.

Unlike lake Baikal, in the world there is a very dirty river, their list can be found in the article — the Most polluted rivers in the world .

Content: Unique lake. The origin of lake Baikal. Why is the Baikal water is fresh? Characteristics of Baikal water. Unique lake. Where is the largest freshwater supply in the world? Most are familiar with the geography and ecology of the people will answer without hesitation – the largest source of fresh water is lake Baikal, situated in Eastern Siberia. How much fresh water in Baikal? In the lake Baikal fresh water is contained in very large quantities. The volume of fresh water of lake Baikal is so large, accounting for about twenty percent from the total of all fresh water reserves in the world (up to twenty km3). If to take separately only the Russian reserves of fresh water,…

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