Scientists from Russia, Germany, Switzerland and England are looking at the bottom of lake Baikal responses to questions about how life evolved and changed the climate of Central Asia millions of years ago. Using a special sampler researchers get samples of soil from the bottom of the biggest and purest lake on the planet and build the first conclusions and hypotheses.
With augers or chainsaw scientists know better than a professional fisherman. A few seconds and the surface begins to rise the purest Baikal water. The deepest lake on the planet researchers from Russia, Germany, Switzerland and England, as «our laboratory».
Using a special sampler and a conventional winch, the scientists take samples of soil from the bottom of lake Baikal, which today is the main subject of study. The sediments are a unique archive. According to experts, they can store the entire history of Central Asia. They cover everything from earthquakes to the smallest details of appearance and disappearance of species. Professor of Irkutsk state University Nikolay Budnev explains: «In bottom sediments can be found even pollen, which lived here thousands of years ago, and that Continue reading
The capital of China – Beijing, the Chinese currency – the yuan. 92% of the population are Chinese, and 8% jury, Uighurs, Miao, Tibetans. Officially China’s population is considered atheist, but many practice Confucianism, Buddhism, Taoism.
In China there are lowlands and plains, along the shores of many seas, the highest mountains and highlands, resort areas, famous monasteries, including the legendary Shaolin temple, climbing base on the Eastern slopes of the Himalayas and the Karakoram, picturesque Yunnan-Guijosa plateau with lots of mountain rivers, waterfalls and deep caves, unique Taihu lake and West lake, a scenic mount tai, which is included in the list of UNESCO treasures, a treasure trove of ancient Buddhist art – Dunhuang caves, waterfall Huangoshu 74 m, width 81 m, “stone forest” in the County is an Easy, etc.
The Capital Of China – Beijing . lying to the South of the plateau, Shanxi is one of the most interesting cities in the country. Noteworthy “the Forbidden city”. It is the largest surviving in the world of Palace complexes of the Imperial Palace Museum in Beijing, is enclosed by a medieval wall and literally full-bodied historical buildings (more than 9 thousand houses). Today in many rooms of the Palace opened the Museum exposition there are exhibited collections of Imperial treasures, Continue reading
The most beautiful lake of Italy
Pride of Italy – the most beautiful lake of the country – is located in the North. To him surrounded by the Alps, is low (on average, 2000 meters), but powerful enough to generate a good wind for those who love to sail.
The resort this place has become in the eighteenth century, when wealthy nobles were built on the cliffs, the castles, and those that are simpler villas along the shore. Entertain and today here is not cheap, but all beaches are municipal, local restaurants – always fresh fish and homemade cheese and wine, you can cycle to one of the nearest villages, are scattered a little further from the shore.
SAUVEUR, ORA AND SEICHES
In the first half of the day on Garda blows Sauveur – steady, without gusts, the North wind. In the evening it is replaced by the South wind – Ora. The lake formed standing waves-seiches – of the phenomenal phenomenon that occurs due to wind or atmospheric pressure.
In the summer the Garda are going to rest those who can not stand the excruciating heat. The lake is fed mountain glacier, and the water here is never like milk, only in the southern part in August sometimes warms up to +27 C. the Beaches here – a pebbly and silty sand, almost all of them rent umbrellas and sunbeds. Although the lake is ideal for yachting, Windsurfing, Continue reading
Lakes of Russia – one of the national wealth of our country. They can be large and small, freshwater and saline, deep and shallow. Before You five amazing lakes of Russia.
1. Caspian sea — lake, the largest in the world by area and volume of water. K its shores appears five States. The salinity of the most part of the reservoir is about three times smaller than the oceanic, in the North the water is almost fresh.
2. The coastline of the Caspian sea is estimated at about 6500-6700 km, with the Islands — up to 7000 kilometers.
3. In the Caspian sea runs 130 rivers, of which 9 of the rivers have a mouth in the shape of a Delta. Major rivers flowing into the Caspian sea — the Volga, Terek (Russia), Ural, Emba (Kazakhstan), Kura (Azerbaijan), Samur (border of Russia with Azerbaijan), Atrek (Turkmenistan).
4. In the Caspian sea registered 101 species of fish, it is focused the majority of the world’s reserves of sturgeon, as well as freshwater fish such as roach, carp, perch.
5. The main risks for the Caspian sea related to pollution from production and transportation of oil on the continental shelf, the inflow of pollutants from the Volga and other rivers flowing Continue reading
Within the area of many rivers belonging to the basins of the Kama, Tobol and Ural. Because here, basically, their upper reaches, they are shallow.
Rivers longer than 10 km there are in the field 348, their total length is 10235 km
The length of 100 km are only 17 rivers. And only 7 rivers Miass, UY, Ural, ay, Ufa, Uvelka, gumbeyka – are in the range of length greater than 200 km.
Most of the territory of the region belongs to the basin of the Ob. To the East, at Tobol and its left tributaries, flows the majority of rivers of Chelyabinsk in the Urals: Ekaterinburg, the Techa river, Miass, Uvelka, UY, toguzak, Kartaly-Ayat, sintashty and others.
Miass river originates on the Eastern slope of the ridge. Nurali, flows first between the mountains to the North, and then, turning to the East at the Karabash, crosses the forest-steppe zone and flows into the Iset river at the boundaries of the area. Its length within the area is 384 km (out of 658 total length).
Regulators of flow of Miass are Argazi and Shershnevskoye reservoir. Currently 70-80% of the water of the river Miass flows through the pipelines and only 20-30% flows through the natural course. Four-fifths water the city pays to the needs of the national Continue reading