Baikal and freshwater
Where is the largest freshwater supply in the world? Most are familiar with the geography and ecology of the people will answer without hesitation — the largest source of fresh water in the world is lake Baikal . located in Eastern Siberia.
How much fresh water in Baikal? In the lake Baikal fresh water is contained in very large quantities. The volume of fresh water of lake Baikal is so large, accounting for about twenty percent from the total of all fresh water reserves in the world (up to twenty km3). If to take separately only the Russian reserves of fresh water, lake Baikal is up to 90 percent of their number.
The origin of lake Baikal.
Baikal is not only the deepest lake on the planet (the maximum depth is more than 1,600 meters ), but also the oldest. Estimated age of lake Baikal is estimated at more than twenty million years.
It is considered that lake Baikal was formed in the Wake of a major tectonic fault in the process of continental movements. This theory is confirmed by the fact that volcanic activity in the lake continues to this day — occasionally there are earthquakes in the vicinity of lake Baikal.
Why is the Baikal water is fresh?
The filling of lake Baikal water was due to surface water. Those rivers that flow into lake Baikal, very slightly saline, Continue reading